Smallholder Farmer' Characteristics and their Influence on Adoption of Radical Terraces and Food Security

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Preston Orieko CHITERE
James Gichuru KARIUKI


The adopted research design was descriptive-correlational. Radical terracing is an innovative agricultural practice encouraged among farmers for increased farming production. Nevertheless, radical terracing has not been fully exploited and this has a great effect on Rwanda's agrarian yield and food security and therefore to a great extent, food security is still a major problem.Perspectives of Adoption-diffusion of farm innovations and food security directed the research. Cluster and purposive sampling techniques were used to sample 192 farmers and 19 key informants. Both quantitative and qualitative data were mainly collected using interviews, questionnaire schemes, and direct observations. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages and inferential statistics of Pearson correlation coefficient and chi-square while thematic content analysis was used for qualitative data.

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How to Cite
MURWANASHYAKA, E., CHITERE, P. O., & KARIUKI, J. G. (2021). Smallholder Farmer’ Characteristics and their Influence on Adoption of Radical Terraces and Food Security. Journal of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Animal Sciences, 2(2), 90-115. Retrieved from
Author Biographies

Preston Orieko CHITERE

Preston Orieko Chitere is a Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, University of Nairobi. Holds a B.A. (Hon), an M.Sc. Agricultural Education and Extension and a Ph.D. Rural Sociology and Rural development (University of Nairobi) and post-doctoral training at Iowa State University, U.S.A. Has vast lecturing experience at the University of Nairobi in research methods and development studies including community development studies, community organization and action, rural sociology and rural development, qualitative research methods and programme planning. He was key in initiating the Diploma in Social Work and Social development and M.A. Rural Sociology and Community Development studies in the Department of Sociology. He has from January 2011 to 2015 served as Dean, Faculty of Arts, University of Nairobi.

James Gichuru KARIUKI

James Gichuru Kariuki is a Lecturer of Sociology, Department of Sociology, University of Nairobi. Teaches sociology in the Department of Sociology and Social Work in the University of Nairobi. He is a PhD holder in Sociology (University of Nairobi) and M.A., (Sociology) and B.A. (Sociology and Geography), University of Nairobi. Kariuki has taught undergraduate and postgraduate students and supervised BA and MA dissertations. He is widely experienced in research on HIV-AIDS, Community Development, Rural Sociology, Disability, Adolescence, Sociology of Human Service Delivery Systems, Gender and Development. His current research focuses on devolved funds; agro forestry and on smallholder agricultural development.